Knowledge and education are key factors to the full and effective participation of youth in the processes of social, economic and political development. In Pakistan, education has been divided into three different standards: public institutes, private institutes, and madrassas. In most public institutes the standard of the education is not satisfactory. Pakistan’s constitution promises free education to all school age children.
There are 188 educational institutions in Pakistan which are recognized by the HEC. Public, private, military, and vocational universities constitute the higher education system in Pakistan. There are a total of 114 medical colleges & 37 private sector universities in Pakistan.
Pakistan is not only one of the youngest countries in its region, but also in the world. More than 64% of the country’s population is under the age of 29, with some 30 percent between the ages of 15 and 29.
Youth must be treated as country’s most precious asset rather than using them as a Political worker or a Volunteer. When guided in the right direction, millennials can make an incredible difference, or else they become a burden. Almost 4 million youth enter the working age population every year. The problem in Pakistan is that the youth are being made to waste their energies on unimportant things.
Some youth actively promoting political and religious parties in the social media, and they are very active, in the wrong hands, can become a lethal weapon. This valuable tool is being misused by our youth. The two main forms of technology’ cell phones and the Internet’ have brought about major changes in their living. If the youth are able to invest their energies for the betterment of society, we will find a new Pakistan.
Nearly 30% of youth are illiterate and nearly 77% quit education and began working for financial reasons. The national education budget remains at 2.3% of GDP. Adding to this is the youth unemployment rate at 5.79%. In economics ambit, our youth is faced with issues like financial constraints, unemployment, poverty and exploitation of young workers.
In the realm of politics, they are unaware of their political rights; and act as tools to pursue the vested interests of their political masters. Socially, they experience community conflict, gender discrimination, generation gaps and involvement in crimes.
The destiny of any nation, at any given time, depends on the opinions of its young men under five-and-twenty.” — Goethe.
According to International Program on the Elimination of Child Labor (IPEC), 3.8 million children in the age group of 5–14 years are working in Pakistan out of the 40 million Pakistani children in this age group. The future of our youth is being ground in the mill of standards. Therefore, the immediate, and probably most burning, issue of the uneducated youth of our country is child labour, as they are forced by the circumstances to earn money at a very tender age. Pakistan does not suffer from lack of social planning, but rather from gross inability to implement plans.